ESCWAThe ESCWA Water Development Report, addresses numerous areas around the world that have been strongly affected by water scarcity and ways to improve the water quality and water production within these countries. One of the countries they addressed was Palestine, and more specifically the Gaza Strip Region. The report discussed their growing demand for water and how building a desalination plant within this region is a much-needed commodity. However, due to lack of funding and the high cost of the equipment, the Gaza Strip is struggling to provide their citizens with this dire necessity.


Ecoviolence: Links Among Environment, Population, and Security by Kimberley Kelly and Thomas Homer-Dixon, dedicates an entire chapter to the water crisis occurring within the Gaza Strip and how it has affected the political and social make up of Palestine and neighboring countries. Throughout this chapter, the book highlights the environmental factors as well as the social problems that have led to the destruction of Gaza’s water supply. By using detailed facts and examples, this book does an excellent job emphasizing the sources of the water crisis and how these sources are directly affecting the entire population.


Bridging the Divide: Transboundary Resource Dispute and the Case of West Bank Water written by Miriam R. Lowi and published by the MIT Press, this article discusses the Jordan Basin as a shared water resource between Palestine and Israel. The different sections focus on the problems relating to shared water resources, Israel and West Bank policies, and water issues in Israeli security. International Security publishes comprehensive and well-documented articles on policy issues while inquiring into the history of the issues.



The Environmental Assessment of the Gaza Strip, published by the United Nations Environment Programme, is a report that highlights all of the environmental concerns of the Gaza Strip. This report talks about how solid waste management and wastewater management have not been successful in the region, and, as a result, the people of the region have suffered. The report underlines the important relationship between waste and water, and how if measures are not taken to combat both of these problems simultaneously, the area of the Gaza Strip will face even greater environmental concerns in the near future.


The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) is an American organization that focuses on international issues. As Gaza Strip has been an international environmental concern the past few years, the  ASCE has written a detailed paper in order to give an overview of the solid waste management issues in the region. Furthermore, they discuss possible solutions for the solid waste managements issues, with solutions ranging from certain organizational arrangements to changing operational conditions. They then discuss the environmental impacts that solid waste management has had. 

41puiU0BhgLIn the book the “Warfare Ecology,” the NATO Science for Peace and Security Programme illustrate the various effects that waste is having on the Gaza Strip. By highlighting on the lack of government assistance and the detrimental consequences corporations are having on the production of waste pollution, this book details the health and environmental related implications of toxic waste. Through political, historical and cultural examples of waste pollution effects, this book sheds light upon a very serious problem that is taking place in this area of the world.


Environmental Law in Israel by Richard Laster and Dan Livney is derived from the International Encyclopedia of Laws and covers political, cultural, and social aspects of environmental study in Israel. It also discusses environmental legislation and principles of law. Various sections cover conservation management, protection of land and animals, and the application of legislation and treaties in Israel. Though focusing on Israel, this book also deals with laws and treaties Israel has with other countries. From waste and pollution to land and law, this book covers it all and is a valuable read for many interested in the topic of law and/or the environment in Israel.


In an article by the Sabbah Report, Stephen Lendman declares that Israel wants all of the  resources in the region, referring to the mining operations that permeate the landscape in Palestine. The author details the struggles that have occurred and continue to occur over mining rights in the region of Israel and Palestine. Studies conducted on mining in the region have revealed the illegal activity. Organizations such as Yesh Din actively defend Palestinian rights while exposing Israeli abuses. While the environment of Palestine takes the toll of mining, Israel profits from the industry. This has created a stressful tension between the two nations, as each struggles for the right to mine. 


The Economic Costs of the Israeli Occupation for the occupied
Palestinian territory
is an informative bulletin that was funded by the United Nations Development Programme and published by the Palestinian Ministry of National Economy and the Applied Research Institute- Jerusalem. This document works to provide insightful information regarding the conflicts between Israel and Palestine in regards to their mining of natural resources, and how this conflict has been affecting both countries economic interests. By highlighting on the importance of these natural resources as well as providing substantial research
, this bulletin allows the reader to gain factual knowledge regarding the conflict at hand. 

JSEE_Cover_A4 Vol4 Issue1 23mar2013



The International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environment conducted an experiment in which it studied the effects of climate change on groundwater resources in the Gaza Strip. Because groundwater is such an important resource in the region, it is essential for people in the Gaza Strip to take an aggressive approach towards preserving groundwater. Research shows that the availability of ground water is directly correlated with the effects of climate change. As temperatures increase in the region,groundwater is becoming more scarce, which affects the livelihoods of all living in the Gaza Strip. 


The United Nations Development Programme developed a plan of action for Palestinians to take in regard to climate change within the Gaza Strip. They recognize that global warming and climate change are, indeed, real factors that are changing the environment. As a result, the UNDP proposed some main goals of this adaptation plan for the Gaza Strip: 1) identify key adaptation needs and priority adaptation measures for the Gaza Strip; 2) provide recommendations for climate change adaptation. Although this plan does not directly resolve the issue of climate change in the Gaza Strip, it is important because it signifies that people and organizations actually are recognizing the issue of climate change and trying to do something about it. 

coverThis article in the Journal of Peace Research examines the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and how it could change in response to climate change.  This article asserts that water would be the main resource affected by climate change.  It explores the possible impact of reduced availability of freshwater, and how this would affect agriculture.  This article is important because it examines the issues that will most likely affect the Middle East if the current climate change trend is not reversed.